Home Corns What Are Corns on Feet, Toes and Bottom of Feet?

What Are Corns on Feet, Toes and Bottom of Feet?

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This post gives a detailed description of what are corns. It seeks to answer questions such as what are corns on feet, what are corns on toes, what are corns on bottom of feet and also brings you corn pictures.

What Are Corns on Feet

When it comes to choosing footwear, women have variety which is not always a good thing. The long term effect of the wrong footwear choice normally is formation of corns. This being the case, what are corns?

These are small collections of thick skin made up of dead skin cells. They mostly form on the sides and tops of the toes and on the sole of the foot. On these areas, they are most common on areas of bony prominence such as on toe joints. This can be attributed to the fact that these areas lack natural cushioning. They can get painful and swell with time.

Corns on toes before and after
Corns on top of toes
Corns on sole of foot
Corns on sole of foot

The hard skin that makes up the corns on feet is produced by skin cells which are always present in the entire epidermal layer part of the skin known as keratinocytes. The process and formation of calluses is the body’s self-defense mechanism against harm by pressure and friction.

Corns are a very common problem mostly affecting women though men too get them depending on their choice of footwear. Older people suffer corns more than young people. They cannot be passed from one person to another since they are not contagious. For people who suffer from poor blood circulation and diabetes, corns can cause serious problems.

The cause of corns on feet is excess pressure. This could be caused by wearing shoes that are of the wrong size. This places undue pressure on a specific part of the foot. Other causes include a bunion. This refers to the joint of the big toe sticking outwards and it’s pointing to the other toes. Hammer toes could also contribute to corns.

The major characteristics that can help one know what are corns on feet include:

  • Thickened and rough skin forming a lump on a bony area of the skin
  • Soft lumps in between the toes
  • A feeling of tenderness and at times pain under skin especially when walking
  • Dry flaky skin

What Are Corns on Toes

Have you been wondering what are corns on toes? They are a collection of hardened skin that is as a result of excess pressure being placed on the toes. Corns on the toes can either be classified as soft or hard.

Soft corns between toes
Soft corns between toes

Soft corns tend to be white in color. They have an indented center and have a rubbery feel. These are usually painful since they are found between the toes. They normally start off just like hard corns but soften up due to moisture which could be caused by failure to properly dry in between your toes or which could result from excessive sweating. The main cause of soft corns is the rubbing together of toes which causes an increase in pressure and friction in between. In case there is formation of two corns on the opposite side of each other, these are referred to as kissing lesions.

Soft corns are painful. They are also prone to infections and require extra attention in taking care of them. Ensure get thoroughly cleaned using antibacterial soap and properly dry them with a clean towel after this. This way, the corns will remain infection free.

Another way of alleviating the discomfort of soft corns is by use of lamb’s wool. This is more advantageous than cotton wool as it does not stick on the corn. Roll the wool into balls that are toe-shaped. Insert these between the affected toes. This will separate them and help in preventing friction. To prevent infection, change these at least once in a day.

The other type of corns that can help us understand what are corns on toes are hard corns. These are quite common. They can either be dark yellow or white thickened and hardened part of the skin. As opposed to soft corns, hard corns form on bony areas of the toes and are most common on the fifth toe. These are not as prone to infections as are soft corns. Most hard corns can be alleviated when the source of friction is eliminated. Consider getting the right foot wear. Corn pads can also be used as a remedy for them.

What Are Corns on the Bottom of Feet?

The bottom of the feet tends to be vulnerable to corns. This being the case, what are corns on the bottom of feet? These are formations of hardened skin mostly occurring on the ball of foot and are also known as seed corns. Some doctors believe that they are as a result of malfunctioning sweat ducts. They can be found as single corns or in clusters. They normally are painless.

Corn on bottom of foot
Corn on bottom of foot

Since there are a number of almost similar occurrences on the bottom of foot such as plantar warts and calluses, it is important to know what the symptoms of foot calluses are to ensure that the right treatment is administered.When one has a corn on bottom of foot, a look at it will reveal some thick tissue that is yellowish in color. This could be found within a foot callus making it burrow deeper into the foot.

With a corn on bottom of foot, one has a feeling of having a rock in the shoe. When one is walking or standing, the feeling intensifies. Ignoring it and letting it grow further will cause more pain and may make simple tasks such as walking and standing unbearable.

Unlike warts, corns on bottom of feet form on specific spots. They do not spread but one can get a number of them around the same area. Another distinguishing factor of corns is that they do not have black dots like warts do.

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